In today’s workforce it’s difficult to bring in new, younger workers and make them feel engaged and productive. And with older workers delaying retirement, companies now must grapple with adapting to multigenerational workforces.
Steve Belliveau, sales manager at Anchor Industries Inc., which produces tents, frames and awnings, says the industry cannot survive without what he calls NextGen employees. He’s also the chair of an Advanced Textiles Association (ATA)/ Tent Rental Division (TRD) initiative called the TRD NextGen program, which focuses on providing education and support for the next generation of leaders.
“There is a huge need for fresh and creative energy that [the younger generations] can bring to the table,” Belliveau says, noting that the industry demands new ideas, technology, products and services. “With younger people coming into this industry, you can’t assume they’re going to be doing this for the next 20, 30 or 40 years,” he says. “Even if they own a company, there’s a good chance they’ve sold that company and they’re on to something else.”
Jeff Butler, CEO of JButler International, which focuses on helping companies build workplace dynamics, says many of these issues can be headed off at the pass during the hiring process, particularly with smaller organizations such as those in the textiles industry. “If you’re good at recruitment, you’re not as worried about an employee not making a mark,” he says. “If you don’t have anyone else in your recruitment pipeline, you’ll say, ‘Well, we just need to do whatever we can to make them stay and get along with them,’ even though they might not be showing up on time or putting in the same amount of work as other people.”
Being aware of the younger generation’s expectations and their opportunities is key, says Clint Halladay, chief operating officer of SewLong Custom Covers in South Salt Lake City, Utah, which provides high-end marine canvas and other customized textiles. Halladay is committed to bringing in and mentoring younger workers and that, he says, requires a strong workplace mission. “Millennials and younger generations grew up with an evolving job-hunting process,” he says. “The days spent only being able to apply to two to four jobs are gone. They can apply to 50 in a matter of 10 minutes. Today, you can only keep people around and engaged if you have a clear vision and a higher purpose.”
Sarah Sladek, founder and CEO of XYZ University, which focuses on creating successful intergenerational workforces, agrees. “It’s not really about the work itself; it’s about the work environment,” she says, adding that organizations that keep a younger workforce do two things exceptionally well: “They put people first and they’re future-focused. There’s a strong desire among young professionals today to work for leaders and organizations with a real commitment to relationship-building and planning for the future.”
As for those who complain that the younger generations feel entitled or are unwilling to work hard, Halladay perceives it differently. “I have heard people complain that this generation is ‘lazy’ or ‘doesn’t get it’ or ‘insert criticism here.’ But this is a leadership issue. What generation didn’t lecture their youth about how hard they had it? It is the leader’s job to navigate, and good leaders constantly learn and experiment with new ideas.”
“What these comments are alluding to is disengagement,” says Sladek. “Today’s young people grew up in an era of disruption. As a result, they learned at a young age to be adaptable, driven and to question authority. Not surprisingly, if a work environment has continued to operate more or less the same for the past several years, young employees are likely to struggle to adapt to it or feel like they belong.”
That doesn’t mean that there aren’t genuine challenges in having a multigenerational workforce come together. Tugs-of-war, says Sladek, emerge in all aspects of work because workplaces are now “experiencing a clash between [older] generations raised learning a hierarchical approach to work and [younger] generations raised learning a collaborative approach to work. Today’s young people are informed, well-educated and have acquired entirely new skill sets, and there’s real value in collaborating and team-building and flattening the hierarchy,” she says.
For Halladay, that means, in part, tamping down his own ego. “I have to meet [younger people] where they are,” he says. “Older individuals have more lived experiences and can draw from more lessons. Younger team members need to fail sometimes, so I let them. With both, I offer suggestions, ask questions and follow up to keep them accountable. I use many of the teachings from motivational interviewing and am currently coaching our leadership team to do the same. We want a team of leaders that can solve problems and take calculated risks, and I feel this is the best way to achieve that.”
Bringing workers together
“The service industry that we cater to requires new ideas, technology, products and services,” says Belliveau. “However, there needs to be a balance and a blend from the traditions and experiences of the past with the new ideas and more efficient techniques of the future.” That’s why, he says, finding younger employees who really care and want to be involved is key, while older employees “who have over time made significant contributions to the company also have to continue to be respected, rewarded and encouraged to work cooperatively with the NextGen workers.”
And the opportunities are definitely there. Halladay cites Jeff Liker’s book The Toyota Way: 14 Management Principles from the World’s Greatest Manufacturer, in which Liker expands on Toyota’s seven wastes of manufacturing by adding an eighth—unused teammate creativity. “Creating a culture where people are encouraged to be themselves and solve problems has helped our team bond and collaborate on more significant issues,” Halladay says. “But they need to see themselves as a team, not as employees competing for the next promotion or the boss’s love.”
“It sounds so simple,” Sladek adds, “but workforce conflict and disengagement are often directly tied to a lack of relationship-building, particularly for the younger generations. Feeling a sense of pride and belonging is important … having grown up in an era of chaos marked by terrorism, school shootings, climate change and the pandemic. There’s been much about their young lives that has felt out of control, so it’s important to them to work in an environment where they feel a sense of security, acceptance and belonging.”
“Mutual respect is critical,” Belliveau says. “Just because someone is young doesn’t mean they don’t deserve respect. The school of hard knocks doesn’t gain much traction anymore. The average younger employee won’t put up with this and they will quickly seek other opportunities elsewhere, if that’s the case.” And for the older generation, he notes, “When you’re getting towards the end of your career, you get a little bit of satisfaction knowing that there’s some legacy in that. And those who are going to be around for a while, I think they value learning from somebody older.”
At the end of the day, says Halliday, “the only constant thing is change. As leaders, we need to adapt and accept what is. Our 20-year-old team members don’t answer the phone when I call, so I need to text. I can be upset by this or accept it and focus my energy on more important things. The only solution is internal. How am I going to respond? What can I do differently? That is where we need to start—with the person in the mirror.”
Kelly Hartog is a freelance journalist in Los Angeles, Calif.
SIDEBAR: Case study
How Anchor Industries embraces the multigenerational workplace
From a manufacturing perspective, Steve Belliveau, sales manager at Anchor Industries Inc., believes the challenge in the industry, and particularly in a medium/large fabrication facility such as Anchor, is to have younger employees become positively ingrained into company culture from the outset.
“Orientation starts with our mission statement and our customer-driven philosophy,” Belliveau explains. “How our products are used and how they serve as solutions to our customers’ needs seems to really be important to this employee group. Connecting the dots is critical and keeping [them] involved in helping with solutions is paramount.”
He also understands that new, younger employees often seek more flexibility in hours and aren’t necessarily looking for overtime like previous employees. “Time off is very important to them, especially if they have younger families,” he says, “and this can definitely be an issue since our manufacturing is seasonal.”
As the older generation retires, Belliveau speaks of how important it is that “we absorb all this information from these older folks before they leave, because the industry really has changed. It’s been kind of a master craftsman industry in both the rental business and manufacturing, and that is beginning to leave us at a much faster pace, as those who have been doing this for 30 or 40 years are turning it over to the next generation.”
He also believes that the younger people in the industry—be they children of former owners, those buying out their bosses or those straight out of college—should rethink the business from a more modern perspective. “With new technology, the time frame to get things done is getting shorter,” he notes. “People my age (in their 50s and older), haven’t used the new technology. We’re still somewhat old school, and if we don’t get up to speed, we’re pretty much left in the dust. To be profitable, we have to be that much more efficient from a manufacturing and a tech rental standpoint.”
It’s far too easy, says Belliveau, to lose younger people to big companies like Nissan and Toyota who pay better wages and have more flexibility in their schedules. That’s where bringing together the younger generations—with their ability to solve problems far more quickly—with the older workers who have the industry experience, comes into play, he says.
“You have the best of both worlds. You have the concept of communicating and using technology to be more efficient, but you have some of the experience and values of the past.” Part of Anchor’s ability to do this is via its new English language program, which includes reaching out to the Latino/Hispanic workforce. “Most are younger,” says Belliveau, “but they work well with the older managers and other employees if treated with respect and if reasonable expectations are given.” The company also makes sure all new hires feel like a part of the company.
“Before we start training new employees on a sewing machine or a welder or grommets, we talk to them about the culture of the company, how we do things, what our philosophy is, and more importantly, the products and what the products mean to our customers—what we did during the pandemic that helped keep restaurants and venues going.” In addition, the company takes photos in the field when a job is accomplished, “so they see the connection to their work and how satisfying it is.”
Belliveau believes this program is a positive step in ensuring the continuation of small businesses in the industry. “With the support we offer,” he says, “it’s all working out quite well.”